Porogaramu Tekinike |Ihuriro ryimashini ya robot isanzwe

Kuri robo yinganda, gukoresha ibikoresho nimwe mubikorwa byingenzi mubikorwa byabo byo gufata.Nubwoko bwibikoresho bikora bifite byinshi bihindura, kurangiza neza umurimo wibikorwa bya robo yinganda biterwa nuburyo bwo gufatana.Kubwibyo, uburyo bwo gufatira kumpera ya robo bugomba gutegurwa ukurikije imirimo nyirizina n'ibisabwa aho ukorera.Ibi biganisha ku gutandukanya imiterere yuburyo bwa clamping.

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Igishushanyo 1 Isano iri hagati yibintu, ibiranga nibipimo byanyuma birangira Uburyo bwinshi bwo gufatisha imashini ni ubwoko bwintoki ebyiri, bushobora kugabanywamo: ubwoko bwizunguruka nubwoko bwubusobanuro ukurikije uburyo bwo kugenda kwintoki;uburyo butandukanye bwo gufatana bushobora kugabanywa mubufasha bwimbere Ukurikije imiterere yimiterere, irashobora kugabanywa mubwoko bwa pneumatike, ubwoko bwamashanyarazi, ubwoko bwa hydraulic hamwe nuburyo bwo gufatira hamwe.

Uburyo bwa pneumatike bwo gufunga uburyo

Inkomoko yumwuka wo kwanduza pneumatike iroroshye kubona, umuvuduko wibikorwa urihuta, uburyo bukora butarangwamo umwanda, kandi amazi meza aruta sisitemu ya hydraulic, gutakaza umuvuduko ni muto, kandi birakwiriye igihe kirekire- kugenzura intera.Ibikurikira ni manipulators nyinshi:

1. Guhinduranya uburyo bwo guhinduranya uburyo bwo gufunga intoki ziki gikoresho (nkintoki zimeze nka V, intoki zigoramye) zashyizwe kumurongo wa clamping na bolts, byoroshye kuyisimbuza, kuburyo ishobora kwagura cyane ikoreshwa rya uburyo bwo gufunga.

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Igishushanyo cya 2 Guhinduranya uburyo bwa clamping yuburyo bwimiterere 2. Uburyo bwikubitiro bwubwoko bubiri bwa silinderi yo gufatisha uburyo bwo gufunga urutoki Impera yintoki yiyi mikorere isanzwe ifata inkoni igororotse ifite intebe yanyuma yintoki.Iyo hakoreshejwe inkoni ebyiri za silindiri ebyiri zikoreshwa, piston izagenda buhoro buhoro hagati kugeza igihe akazi kafatiwe.

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Igishushanyo cya 3 Igishushanyo mbonera cyuburyo bugororotse bwo guhinduranya impinduramatwara 3. Uburyo bwo guhuza inkoni ihuza ubwoko bubiri bwo guhinduranya ibisobanuro muri rusange bigizwe na silindiri imwe ikora hamwe nintoki zambukiranya ubwoko.Iyo gaze imaze kwinjira mu cyuho cyo hagati ya silinderi, izasunika piston ebyiri kugirango zijye ku mpande zombi, bityo bitware inkoni ihuza kugenda, kandi urutoki rwambukiranya ruzakosora neza akazi;niba nta mwuka winjiye mu cyuho cyo hagati, piston izaba iri munsi yimikorere yimvura yo Gusubiramo, igihangano cyagenwe kizasohoka.

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Igicapo 4. Imiterere yuburyo bwambukiranya-bubiri bwa silinderi yubusobanuro bwo gufatira hamwe Ibikorwa bito-bikikijwe nu mwobo w'imbere.Nyuma yo gufunga uburyo bwo gufata igice, kugirango tumenye neza ko gishobora guhagarara neza hamwe nu mwobo w'imbere, ubusanzwe hashyizweho intoki 3.

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Igicapo 5 Igishushanyo mbonera cyubwoko bwa levering ya clamping yuburyo bwimbere yimbere 5. Imikorere ya booster itwarwa na silinderi itagira inkingi ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston ya piston,

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Igicapo 6 Sisitemu ya pneumatike ya silinderi itagira inkingi ya pisitori yinzibacyuho yashyizwe kumurongo wa radiyo ya piston ya silinderi idafite inkoni, kandi inkoni ebyiri zifatanije zifatanije kumpande zombi.Niba imbaraga zo hanze zikora kuri piston, piston Izagenda ibumoso niburyo, bityo igasunika kunyerera hejuru no hepfo.Iyo sisitemu ifatanye, hinge point B izakora uruziga ruzengurutse ingingo A, kandi hejuru no hepfo ya slide irashobora kongeramo urwego rwubwisanzure, kandi ihindagurika ryingingo C risimbuza ihindagurika rya silinderi yose. guhagarika.

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Igicapo 7 Uburyo bwongerera imbaraga imbaraga butwarwa na silinderi itagira inkoni

Iyo icyerekezo cyo kugenzura icyerekezo cyumuyaga wafunitse kiri mumikorere yibumoso nkuko bigaragara ku gishushanyo, umwobo wibumoso wa silinderi ya pneumatike, ni ukuvuga umwobo utagira inkoni, winjira mu kirere gikonje, hanyuma piston ikagenda iburyo munsi ibikorwa byumuvuduko wumwuka, kugirango inguni yingutu α yinkoni ya hinge igabanuka buhoro buhoro.Gitoya, umuvuduko wumwuka wongerewe ningaruka zinguni, hanyuma imbaraga zoherezwa kumurongo wuburyo buhoraho bwo kongera imbaraga, imbaraga zizongera kwiyongera, hanyuma zibe imbaraga F zo gufatira kumurimo.Iyo icyerekezo cyo kugenzura icyerekezo kiri mumikorere yumwanya ukwiye, umwobo winkoni mumurongo wiburyo wa silindiri ya pneumatike winjira mumyuka yugarije, usunika piston kugirango ujye ibumoso, kandi uburyo bwo gufatira hamwe burekura akazi.

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Igicapo 8. Imbere ya clamping pneumatic manipulatrice ya hinge inkoni hamwe na 2 ya seriveri yo kuzamura

Uburyo bubiri bwo guhumeka ikirere

Uburyo bwo guhumeka ikirere burangiza bukoresha imbaraga zo guswera zakozwe numuvuduko mubi mugikombe cyo guswera kugirango wimure ikintu.Ikoreshwa cyane cyane gufata ibirahuri, impapuro, ibyuma nibindi bintu bifite imiterere nini, ubunini buringaniye hamwe no gukomera.Ukurikije uburyo bubi bwo kubyara umuvuduko ukabije, birashobora kugabanywa muburyo bukurikira: 1. Gufata igikombe cyo guswera Umwuka uri mu gikombe cyo guswera usunikwa n'imbaraga zo kumanura hasi, ku buryo umuvuduko mubi uturuka mu gikombe cyo guswera, no guswera. imbaraga zashizweho kugirango zonke ikintu.Byakoreshejwe mu gufata ibihangano bifite ishusho ntoya, ubunini buke n'uburemere bworoshye.

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Igicapo 9 Igishushanyo mbonera cyigikombe cyo guswera 2. Ikirere gitemba umwuka mubi umuvuduko ukabije wigikombe cyigenzura cyogusunika umwuka ucometse kuri pompe yumuyaga uva nozzle, kandi gutembera kwumwuka uhumeka bizabyara indege yihuta, izafata kure umwuka mubikombe byo guswera, kugirango igikombe cyo guswera kiri mubikombe.Umuvuduko mubi ubyara imbere, kandi guswera biterwa numuvuduko mubi birashobora kunwa akazi.

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Igicapo 10 Igishushanyo mbonera cyumuyaga uhumeka nabi

3. Igikombe cya vacuum pompe yamashanyarazi ikoresha electromagnetic igenzura valve kugirango ihuze pompe vacuum nigikombe.Iyo umwuka uvomwe, umwuka uri mu cyuho cyoguswera uva mu kirere, ugakora umuvuduko mubi no kunyunyuza ikintu.Ibinyuranye, iyo valve igenzura ihuza igikombe cyokunywa nikirere, igikombe cyo guswera kibura gusohora no kurekura akazi.

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Igicapo 11 Igishushanyo mbonera cya vacuum pompe yuzuye igikombe

Uburyo butatu bwa hydraulic bwo gufunga uburyo

1. Ubusanzwe uburyo bwo gufunga ibintu bifunze: Igikoresho cyo gucukura gishyirwaho nimbaraga zikomeye zo kubanziriza isoko kandi ikarekurwa mumazi.Iyo uburyo bwo gufatana budakora umurimo wo gufata, ni muburyo bwo gufunga ibikoresho byo gucukura.Imiterere yacyo shingiro nuko itsinda ryamasoko yabanje gukomeretsa rikora muburyo bwo kongera imbaraga nka ramp cyangwa lever, kuburyo intebe yinyerera igenda yerekeza kumurongo, igatwara kunyerera kugirango igende neza, kandi igahagarika igikoresho cyo gucukura;amavuta yumuvuduko mwinshi yinjira mukibanza cyanyerera kandi silindiri ya hydraulic ikozwe nigitereko irusheho guhonyora isoko, bigatuma intebe yinyerera kandi kunyerera bigenda muburyo bunyuranye, birekura igikoresho cyo gucukura.2. Mubisanzwe ufungura uburyo bwo gufunga: Mubisanzwe bifata irekurwa ryamazi hamwe na hydraulic clamping, kandi biri mubisohoka mugihe umurimo wo gufata udakozwe.Uburyo bwo gufatira hamwe bushingiye kumashanyarazi ya hydraulic kugirango habeho imbaraga zo gufatana, kandi kugabanuka k'umuvuduko wa peteroli bizatuma kugabanuka kwingufu.Mubisanzwe, gufunga hydraulic hamwe nibikorwa byizewe bishyirwa kumurongo wamavuta kugirango ukomeze umuvuduko wamavuta.3. Uburyo bwo gufata amashanyarazi ya Hydraulic: Kurekura no gufatana byombi bigerwaho numuvuduko wa hydraulic.Niba amavuta ya silindiri ya hydraulic kumpande zombi ahujwe namavuta yumuvuduko mwinshi, kunyerera bizegereza ikigo hamwe na piston, gufunga igikoresho cyo gucukura, no guhindura amavuta yumuvuduko mwinshi, kunyerera ni kure yikigo, nigikoresho cyo gucukura kirarekurwa.

4. Uburyo bwa hydraulic clamping uburyo bukoreshwa: Iki gikoresho gifite silindiri nyamukuru ya hydraulic hamwe na silinderi ya hydraulic ya silinderi, hamwe nisoko ya disiki ihuzwa na silindiri ya hydraulic.Iyo amavuta yumuvuduko mwinshi yinjiye muri silindari nkuru ya hydraulic, isunika silindiri nyamukuru ya hydraulic kugirango yimuke, ikanyura mumurongo wo hejuru.Inguvu zoherezwa kuntebe kunyerera kuruhande rwa silinderi ya hydraulic yingirakamaro, isoko ya disiki irikomeza, kandi intebe iranyerera;icyarimwe, intebe kunyerera kuruhande rwa hydraulic ya silinderi nkuru igenda munsi yimbaraga zimpanuka, irekura igikoresho cyo gucukura.

Uburyo bune bwa magnetiki

Igabanyijemo ibikombe bya electromagnetic hamwe nibikombe bihoraho.

Chuck ya electromagnetic chuck nugukurura no kurekura ibintu bya ferromagnetic mugukingura no kuzimya amashanyarazi muri coil, kubyara no gukuraho imbaraga za rukuruzi.Igikombe gihoraho cya magneti gikoresha imbaraga za rukuruzi zicyuma gihoraho kugirango gikurura ibintu bya ferromagnetic.Ihindura umurongo wa magnetiki umurongo uzunguruka mugikombe cyogusunika wimura ikintu cya magnetiki cyo kwigunga, kugirango ugere ku ntego yo gukurura no kurekura ibintu.Ariko nanone iranyara, kandi imbaraga zo guswera zihoraho ntabwo ari nini nkiziswera amashanyarazi.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Gicurasi-31-2022